The thought of having acid in your skincare routine sounds frightful. The word ‘acid’ brings all sort of negative connotations but it is good to know that not all acids are bad. Some of them, when used in moderation and after careful consideration, can work wonders for your skin.
Mild and active form of acids in skincare can cleanse, exfoliate and nourish your skin gently. Using them in the right amount over a prolonged period of time will definitely make these acids your friend. Just be sure of reading the ingredients label to know the concentration of these acids before purchasing. If you suffer from severe skin problems, it is best to take the advice of a dermatologist before investing in products with acids.
Here is a list of the most commonly used acids in skincare:
Salicylic Acid– Well known for its fight against acne, salicylic acid is also a superb exfoliator for the skin. It can unclog pores, kill bacteria, fight oiliness, dissolve skin debris and has anti-inflammatory properties. This Beta Hydroxy acid (BHA) gets absorbed very easily in skin acts on impurities that stick between skin cells. Salicylic acid is most commonly used in face wash and cleansers but it can also be found in ointments, spot correctors and peels. This acid is not recommended for very dry skin.
Glycolic Acid – This acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), which makes it a dead skin exfoliator. Glycolic acid is most commonly used in skin peeling techniques and toners as it effectively removed dead skin layer from the skin leaving behind fresh skin. This property of this acid also benefits in removing scars, discoloration, reducing wrinkles and fine lines. Glycolic acid can be harsh on sensitive skins and therefore need to used carefully.
Lactic Acid- Belonging to the same family of acids (AHAs) as Glycolic acid, Lactic acid is naturally found in milk. It is milder than glycolic acid on the skin and therefore most recommended for sensitive skin. It helps to gently exfoliate the top layer of the skin and is found in many toners and peeling ointments.
Hyaluronic Acid– The best acid out there for hydrating your skin, hyaluronic acid is widely used in skincare serums. This acid is safe for use on types of skins. Just one gram of this acid can hold upto six times more water which makes it super hydrating. Hyaluronic acid is naturally produced by our body too, so an external application of this acid adds to the natural hydration of the skin. Making skin supple and moist, this acid helps in reducing dry patches and wrinkles.
Malic Acid– Malic acid is widely used in anti aging creams due to its effect on reducing fine lines and wrinkles. It is naturally derived from apples and it great for any skin type. This is the result of its ability of boosts collagen production and improve skin turnover rate. Malic acid can also significantly hyperpigmentation to even out skin tone.