Endometrium or endometrial lining is found on the inside of the female uterus. This lining, made up of mucosal tissue, thickens up before ovulation and becomes enriched with blood vessels to support a fertilized egg and placenta in case of a pregnancy. As the lining thickens every month, it can move out of the uterus into nearby organs mainly the fallopian tubes, pelvic tissues and ovaries resulting in a condition known as Endometriosis.
The most common symptom of endometriosis is severe pain. This pain can be experienced in the pelvic region during urination, menstruation, bowel movement and even intercourse. The pain sharp and continuous during menstruation and might require medication. Other symptoms of this condition include heavy bleeding during menstruation accompanied by bloating, nausea and fatigue. Though these symptoms are common in menstruating women, diagnosis of endometriosis can be difficult. If you feel severe pain during above mentioned activities, contact a doctor for diagnosis.
Early detection of endometriosis is important for getting the condition under control and for treating by medication. If the condition is at advanced stages, surgery might be necessary though the first treatment is always medication. Endometriosis can be detected by conducting pelvic exam, ultrasound, MRI and laparoscopy. There is no cure for this condition but i can be managed with medication. Painkillers and anti-inflammatory medication is prescribed for healing the growing tissues. This treatment can be accompanied by hormonal therapy and hormonal pills to help control the monthly build up of endometrial lining. Earlier the best cure for endometriosis was Hysterectomy with removal of the ovaries but doctors are moving away from this approach and treating it as the last option.