Genital warts are a result of the most commonly found sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus or HPV. They can be found in both men and women but can be much more complicated in women as they can grow inside, outside and around the vaginal area. The HPV has no cure and can often go away on its own without causing any harm to the health of the host.
Genital warts affect the moist parts of the genital areas. They appear like small skin-like bumps, though they can form clusters in certain conditions appearing like a cauliflower. They can also be, sometimes, grey in colour and might not be easily visible to eyes. They can be painful and cause immense discomfort. Apart from the appearance of warts, other symptoms of this condition include itching, bleeding during intercourse, excessive vaginal discharge and burning sensation in the genitals. The warts can also spread the anus area causing these symptoms during excretion.
HPV can be easily transmitted through skin-to-skin contact with an already affected person. It is common among sexually active people but can be prevented with the use of a condom during intercourse. Genital warts can also make appearance around the mouth area or the tongue, if oral sex is performed on a person who has genital warts. A weakened immune system and smoking can increase the risk of getting genital warts through HPV infection.
Controlling the spread and appearance of warts through tropical medication is the immediate cure for them but even after surface removal, the infection can stay inside the skin and make an appearance at any stage. It is recommended that affected people keep track of the infection by visiting doctor regularly. In some cases, procedures like laser surgery, removal of warts through electric currents or excision of warts may be necessary.